This brief highlights in a simplified way, key audit findings of IEA-Kenya’s analysis of the Auditor General’s report on the financial statements of the national government for 2018/19. The analysis starts with a big picture perspective on the distribution of audit opinions and further provides a breakdown from both a revenue and expenditure side of the reasons behind overall audit opinions.
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Thu, Jul 15, 2021
The Budget Guide: FY 2021/2022
The theme of the Kenya’s FY 2021/22 Budget is “Building Back Better: Strategy for Resilient and Sustainable Economic Recovery and Inclusive Growth”. To this end, the government seeks to cushion the vulnerable during this period of COVID-19 and support recovery for employment creation and poverty reduction.
This analysis of Budget 2021/22 interrogates the extent to which it is aligned to both the government’s fiscal consolidation agenda and the post COVID economic recovery strategy. In particular, it tracks the budget deficits and the primary balances and the big-ticket expenditure items especially in the social sector such as health and social protection, and how the overall budget will be financed.
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Tue, May 4, 2021
The case backlog problem in Kenya’s judiciary and the solutions
In probing the issue of case backlogs, the Justice and Legal Affairs Committee of the National Assembly noted that inadequate judicial officers and lack of adequate resources are a major impediment to case resolution (National Assembly, 2019). To show the comparison between Kenya and another country of similar characteristics, the Justice and Legal Affairs Committee compared Kenya to Germany with a population of 80 million but had 20,000 judges, leading to a ratio of one judge for every 4,000 citizens. Although most arguments made on resourcing are based on benchmarks such as 2.5% of the national spending, the cardinal economics rule is resourcing courts to meet the desired efficiency outcome that the public, parliament and other actors wish to achieve.
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Thu, Apr 29, 2021
The Public Private Partnerships Bill 2021
2 19(3) Add provision As a public office, the Directorate shall account to Parliament for public resources allocated to it. The Directorate shall be audited like any other entity that receives funds from the public.
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Fri, Apr 23, 2021
The Citizen Alternative Budget 2021
The Citizen’s Alternative Budget contains budget proposals from the public and private sector stakeholders, who attended the IEA annual pre-budget hearings that took place on 27th and 28th January, 2021 virtually. The proposals submitted were consolidated and synthesized by the IEA according to the various Medium Terms Expenditure Framework (MTEF) sectors, largely based on their feasibility, whether they make economic sense and whether they are in line with the national priorities of the government. Furthermore, this alternative budget takes cognizance of the draft budget policy statement 2021/2022 as a pre-budget statement that sets the macroeconomic framework through which the government will prepare the forthcoming budget.
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Thu, Apr 15, 2021
First Quarter National Government Budget Performance 2020/21
This report uses the first quarter of 2020/21 National Treasury’s Quarterly Economic and Budgetary Review (QEBR) Reports and Office of the Controller of Budget’s Quarter Budget Implementation and Review (BIRR) Reports to assess the budget performance of by the national government of Kenya against its own targets. In addition, the brief seeks to highlight key implementation challenges and gaps and proposes corrective measures.
This fact sheet focuses on the first quarter of 2020/21 fiscal year and presents some key facts in response to the following four questions: What are the underlying macroeconomic conditions for the quarter? Is the national government budget implemented as approved and if not, what are the differences? What are the implications of this on service delivery and accountability to citizens? What factors are the causes of the national government’s inability to utilize their budgetary provisions? and What are the corrective measures towards improving budget execution?
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Sun, Jan 17, 2021
How Ethnicity and Ethnic Politics Affects the Youth
Kenya like most African countries is multi-ethnic and is perceived to be one of the most ethnically fragmented societies in Africa. Notably, there is no statistical evidence to confirm the exact number of ethnic groups in Kenya, as for decades the total number of ethnic groups in Kenya stood at 42 based on the census that was conducted in 1969. The 2009 Census found that there were more than 42 ethnic groups in the country. In particular, the 2009 population census listed no less than 111 ethnic groups in Kenya up from 42 in 1969, which is partly attributed to the success of the struggles by historically marginalized.
The youth who constitute about a third of the population, account for about 40% of the working-age population. This reality of the youth bulge in Kenya is also evident in the annual numbers, 800,000 of the youth that enter the labour market annually. Indeed, they comprise the largest unemployed demography, presenting a youth unemployment challenge, which if not well addressed would result in enormous consequences for the country. Notably, even for those who are employed, the majority are absorbed in the informal sector which is characterized by low quality and vulnerable jobs. These challenges in Kenya are however