Bulletins and Briefs ( 235 Found )


Date Details Document


Fri, Feb 23, 2024

Why is the Global Trade in Integrated Circuits a Development Question?

Author(s): Emmanuel Wa-Kyendo, Maureen Barasa,

Theme: International Trade,

Integrated circuits represents an unprecedented convergence of scientific advancements in materials, efficiency in production processing and market demand. In this essay, it is argued that due to this explosive convergence in science and trade, whether or not African policy makers recognize the fact, the global trade in ICs is and will continue to be a development question. The division of labour and specialization and comparative advantage has seen a handful of firms and a selection of countries principally in East Asia and North America appropriate the most important share of the consumer surplus in IC production. Lacking the comparative advantage to produce ICs, African households, firms and governments as a net consumer of the product remain beneficiaries of significant consumer surplus windfalls. Without the IC, Africans would be considerably poorer. Overall, African households, firms and governments are consumers of ICs both in the direct and indirect markets.



File Size: 350.42 KB
No of Downloads: 129.



Tue, Feb 13, 2024

Analysis of the Auditor General’s Reports on the Financial Statements of the County Executive (2020/21 – 2021/22) – Kisumu County

Theme: Budget,

The Constitution of Kenya 2010, requires the auditor general to regularly publish and publicize the audit reports. These reports are usually technical in nature and Civil Society Organizations can play a good role in reviewing these reports to make them simpler for citizens to engage meaningfully.

The audit findings are important as they help the  governments  and institutions to put in place systems that safeguard its internal operations and help governments or institutions to apply corrective actions which can translate into some cost savings and overall realization of management system goal and improved service delivery .The findings help the county concerned to determine whether there are conditions dealing with irregularities, waste, inefficiency, conflict of interest and control weaknesses.

This therefore forms the basis of analyzing and simplifying Kisumu County Auditors General’s report on the financial statement for financial years 2020/2021 and 2021/2022. This analysis is for engagement with Civil Society Organizations and County Assembly watchdog committees to promote transparency and accountability in resources management.



File Size: 1.44 MB
No of Downloads: 141.



Wed, Feb 7, 2024

Why Changes in the Global Prices of Crude Oil Mean Little for Kenya

Author(s): Fiona Okadia,

Theme: Crude oil, Energy,

The trajectory of fuel pricing in Kenya depends on various factors but in this brief, it highlights four factors, albeit with varying correlations depending on the specific petroleum product. To determine this, I analyzed data from August 2022 to December 2023, as presented in EPRA’s press releases on ‘Maximum Retail Petroleum Prices in Kenya’ for different periods. The analysis encompassed pump prices for Super Petrol, Kerosene, and Diesel for Nairobi County and their respective taxes and levies. The four factors are the prices of crude oil, international Platts prices for these three products, the exchange rate, and the taxes and levies, a total of five variables.



File Size: 845.89 KB
No of Downloads: 302.



Wed, Jan 31, 2024

Analysis of the Auditor General’s Reports on the Financial Statements of the County Executive (2020/21 – 2021/22) – Busia County

Theme: Accountability, Budget,

The Constitution of Kenya 2010, requires that the auditor general to regularly publish and publicize the audit reports. These reports are usually technical in nature and Civil Society Organizations can play a good role of reviewing these reports to make them simpler for citizens to engagement meaningfully.

The audit findings are important as they help the county government to put in place systems that safeguard its internal operations and help the county to determine whether their mechanisms to mitigate financial risks, engage in awareness creation for the various stakeholders to check whether resources are being used prudently. This findings help the county concerned to determine whether there are conditions dealing with irregularities, waste, inefficiency, conflict of interest and control weaknesses

This therefore form the basis of analyzing a simplified Busia County Auditors General’s report on the financial statement for financial years 2020/2021 and 2021/2022.These analysis is for engagement with Civil Society Organizations and County Assembly watch dog committees to promote transparency and accountability in resources management.



File Size: 573.62 KB
No of Downloads: 169.



Tue, Jan 23, 2024

Analysis of the Auditor General’s Reports on the Financial Statements of the County Executive FY (2020/21 – 2021/22) Kitui County

Author(s): Raphael Muya,

Theme: Accountability, Budget,

Total expenditure for Kitui County shows a general upward trend, with an annual increment averaging Ksh 0.26 billion while the annual increment average at Ksh 0.15 billion.

A review of County Budget implementation report from FY 2013/2014 to 2021/2022 from the office of the controller of budget shows that the county was funded from several sources of revenue to enable it undertake its activities and meet its financial obligations of service delivery. Figure 1.0 shows a trend of revenue received and the amount the county was able to absorb over a period of five years. From the year 2018-19, the county government of Kitui received more than 10 billion shillings to fund its operations. The highest funds disbursed in the years analyzed was 10.52 billion in the year 2020-2021.It was however noted that the controller of budget underfunded the approved budgets for the county over the years as shown in figure 1.0. which hamper county operations for non-realization of revenue factored in the budget. In the FY 2020-21 the budget of 11.84 billion was funded to a tune of 10.52 billion. This implies that 11.15% of budgeted activities were not funded. Subsequently in the FY

2021-22 the approved budget was 12.47 billion upon which the controller of budget disbursed 10.43 billion that’s 16.4 % of the activities were not funded.



File Size: 587KB
No of Downloads: 219.



Wed, Jan 17, 2024

Infographic on the Analysis of The National Government Budget FY 2021/22 – 2022/23

Author(s): Oscar Ochieng,

Theme: Accountability, Budget,



File Size: 1.71 MB
No of Downloads: 3112.



Wed, Jan 17, 2024

Infographics on Counties Pending Bills as of June 30 FY2021/22

Author(s): Oscar Ochieng,

Theme: Accountability,



File Size: 32.76 MB
No of Downloads: 2081.



Tue, Nov 28, 2023

Why the National Government Continues to Struggle to Execute its Budget and Service Delivery Consequences

Author(s): John Mutua,

Theme: Budget,

Implementation of the National Government budget for the FY 2022/23 was marked by two important events. The first, is the political transition from the previous administration to the current, Kenya Kwanza government that came into power in September 2022. The second, a slow-down in economic activities on the back of rising stock of public debt and high cost of living. Notably, the national government budget was revised twice in part to respond to the consequences of these events.



File Size: 1.71 MB
No of Downloads: 629.



Thu, Nov 9, 2023

Analysis of National Government Budget Implementation Report for FY 2022/23

Author(s): IEA-Kenya,

Theme: Budget,

Implementation of the National government budget for FY 2022/23 was marked by a political transition. The previous administration of Jubilee government oversaw the formulation of this budget which was consequently approved by the National Assembly of the 12th parliament of Kenya. Nevertheless, the biggest part (three quarters) of implementation of this budget was undertaken by the current, Kenya Kwanza administration that came into power on the 13th of September 2022 after the general elections of August 2022.

The implementation of this national budget was on the back of a slowdown in economic activity particularly in quarter one (Q1) and quarter 2 (Q2) of FY 2022/23, with a significant rebound in quarter three (Q3). As shown in fig 1(a) the economy expanded by 5.3 percent in Q3 of 2022/23 compared to 6.2 percent in a similar quarter in FY 2021/22. Indications from Kenyan National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS) is that the economic rebound is attributed to the agriculture sector and continued resilience of the tertiary (services) sector.



File Size: 2.05 MB
No of Downloads: 797.