Research Papers ( 60 Found )


Date Details Document


Wed, Jul 7, 2021

Fundamental lessons from regional economic communities for the African Continental Free Trade Area: A Case study of EAC

Author(s): David Owiro, Joan Akoth,

The establishment of AfCFTA and the creation of various Regional Economic Communities (RECs) is part of the wider effort by African governments to pursue integration through free trade, and developing customs union and common market (AU2014). Therefore, understanding how to overcome the various constraints to regional integration at the regional level can help enhance implementation and management of a free trade area at the continental level.



File Size: 2.8MB
No of Downloads: 133.



Thu, May 27, 2021

Kenya – IMF Synthesis Report No. 21/72

Author(s): IEA Kenya,

Theme: Economic Policy,

The report is arranged to mirror the contents of the IMF Country Report No. 21/72 sequentially highlighting the content of each of the five main sections and concluding with a matrix listing the commitments and benchmarks and a commentary on the possibilities and challenges for their attainment during the duration of the program. While this analysis assumes that any readers have basic knowledge of the institutional functions of the IMF and its relationship to its members, it presents a definition of the terms and a description of the decision-making organ of the IMF in respect of program plans.



File Size: 609kb
No of Downloads: 117.



Fri, Mar 5, 2021

The State of Second-Hand Clothes and Footwear Trade in Kenya

Author(s): IEA Kenya, Mitumba Consortium Association of Kenya,

Theme: General,

Kenya is one of the largest importers of second-hand clothes in Sub-Saharan Africa for its use and exporting to other countries. The second-Hand clothes industry contributes to government revenues. The existence of second-hand clothes (mitumba) is a demand-side issue rather than a supply-side issue. The incomes in the country for a considerable number of people can only support buying second-hand clothes. It reflects on incomes instead of whether the supply of new clothes and footwear is available.

The volumes of imported second-hand clothes and footwear reflect the domestic demand for these goods among the Kenyan population. It is essential therefore to examine the corresponding value of the imports are. The value of these imports for the corresponding years and shows that the nominal value of the imports into Kenya has risen by 80% from Ksh. 10 billion to 18 billion in the same six-year period. What this growth in import volumes shows is that along with the overall economic growth and the rise in incomes, the imports reflect the demand for second-hand clothing among Kenyan households and that this industry has supply stability.



File Size: 4.29 MB
No of Downloads: 243.



Mon, Mar 1, 2021

Telecommunication ecosystem evolution in Kenya, 2009 – 2019: Setting the pace and, unbundling the turbulent journey to a digital economy in a 4IR era

Author(s): IEA Kenya,

Theme: General,

This review paper examines the evolution of the telecommunications ecosystem through one decade namely 2009-2019. The choice of 2009 as a starting point is a signifier of the momentous shift of international connectivity with the introduction of fibre and thus a massive amount of data and subdued contribution of satellite. Inadequate, expensive, and high latency bandwidth was heralded as a block in Kenya’s growth and thus the entry of fibre was intended to unleash latent energy and shepherd Kenya to prosperity in a digitally connected society.

The paper unbundles the key drivers of the telecommunications industry in a way to empower stakeholders engage in an informed debate on the opportunities and threats in the ecosystem and position the industry as foundational to the realisation of a digital economy, 4IR and regional competitiveness.



File Size: 5.42 MB
No of Downloads: 229.



Mon, Mar 1, 2021

Telecommunication ecosystem evolution in Kenya, 2009 – 2019: Setting the pace and, unbundling the turbulent journey to a digital economy in a 4IR er

This review paper examines the evolution of the telecommunications ecosystem through one decade namely 2009-2019. The choice of 2009 as a starting point is a signifier of the momentous shift of international connectivity with the introduction of fibre and thus a massive amount of data and subdued contribution of satellite. Inadequate, expensive, and high latency bandwidth was heralded as a block in Kenya’s growth and thus the entry of fibre was intended to unleash latent energy and shepherd Kenya to prosperity in a digitally connected society.

The paper unbundles the key drivers of the telecommunications industry in a way to empower stakeholders engage in an informed debate on the opportunities and threats in the ecosystem and position the industry as foundational to the realisation of a digital economy, 4IR and regional competitiveness.



File Size: 5.42 MB
No of Downloads: 75.



Mon, Nov 16, 2020

COVID-19 in Kenya: Indices on County Healthcare Capacity and Populations at Risk

Author(s): IEA Kenya,

Theme: Accountability,

The virus, COVID-19 is burdening an already strained healthcare system in Kenya. Under the 2010 Constitution and after the 2013 election, healthcare is one of the 14 functions that has been devolved to the newly formed 47 counties. County governments are now at the frontline of delivering services to address the COVID-19 pandemic. However, healthcare capacity in the 47 counties is varied. Historical inequalities across regions, and in the health sector, date back to colonial times and despite seven years of devolution (2013-2020), convergence towards a uniform healthcare system across counties is far from a reality. This report offers some empirical evidence on which of the 47 counties in Kenya are best and least-well situated to deal with the Covid-19 virus. The purpose here is to assist policy makers in determining where limited resources, financial, human, and medical, can best be employed and where additional support may be provided by the national government to augment local resources.

The report presents data on two critical dimensions of countries specific circumstances: their healthcare capacity to respond to the virus and the risk to their population of contracting the disease. The data are presented in the form of two indices, specifically a healthcare capacity index and a population risk index. As the objective is cross-county comparisons, these are both relative measures. Another measure on county population size is also provided since the absolute size of a county’s population may be a factor in how resources need to be deployed.



File Size: 4.34 MB
No of Downloads: 293.



Thu, Oct 15, 2020

A Diagnosis of the Public Procurement System in Kenya

Author(s): IEA Kenya,

Theme: General,

This paper traces the institutions and processes that govern the use of public resources within the public sector in order to identify whether the broad goals of the public procurement policy are being achieved. Following this detailed review and selected case studies, the study contends that while the quest to use public procurement to advance economic development is a legitimate policy goal, government procurement in Kenya unequivocally fails to do so. And this failure is regular and consistent throughout most state departments, ministries and agencies, suggesting that the incentives for a clean, transparent and effective public procurement in Kenya will remain a long-term challenge in Kenya’s development path.



File Size: 2.88 MB
No of Downloads: 441.



Tue, Aug 11, 2020

The Day After Tomorrow: Africa’s Battle with Covid-19 and the Road Ahead

Author(s): IEA Kenya, ORF,

Theme: General,

Our report in collaboration with Observer Research Foundation provides an account of Africa’s battle against COVID-19, maps a profile of the continent’s vulnerabilities that render it susceptible to systemic collapse, and analyses ways in which it can build resilience in the face of future crises. The report takes a systemic perspective, and provides analyses oriented around four axes: Health, Economic, Socio-political and Technological systems; and three key elements: Risk, Response and Resilience.



File Size: 5.76 MB
No of Downloads: 237.



Thu, Feb 13, 2020

Leasing of Medical Equipment Project in Kenya: Value for Money Assessment

The Kenya Government’s commitment to provision of quality and affordable health care for all Kenyans from a constitutional, policy and even global perspective is not in doubt. As a critical component of economic development, Universal Health Coverage (UHC) is identified as one of the planks of the government’s “Big Four” Agenda.

Despite obvious successes in health outcomes, in part driven by Devolution, challenges especially of inadequate medical personnel, low specialized health infrastructure to deal with a rise in non- communicable diseases and cases of injuries remain. This has engendered increasing demand for health services, piling pressure on the government budget.

The leasing of medical equipment (Managed Equipment Services-MES) project was initiated in 2015 as an alternative health care financing option to scale up health infrastructure for provision of specialized medical care. The question of whether this was the most cost-effective intervention, especially as a public private partnership (PPP) project, is what this publication sought to investigate. Which then begs the question: four years down the line, is the public getting value for money from implementation of the project?



File Size: 439.97 KB
No of Downloads: 581.