Ethnicity and Ethnic Politics in Kenya: Policy Gaps AnalysisIEA-Kenya
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Post Date: 15 January 2021
Kenya like most African countries is multi-ethnic and is perceived to be one of the most ethnically fragmented societies in Africa. Notably, there is no statistical evidence to confirm the exact number of ethnic groups in Kenya, as for decades the total number of ethnic groups in Kenya stood at 42 based on the census that was conducted in 1969. The 2009 Census found that there were more than 42 ethnic groups in the country. In particular, the 2009 population census listed no less than 111 ethnic groups in Kenya up from 42 in 1969, which is partly attributed to the success of the struggles by some of the historically marginalized communities, to be officially recognized by the state.