This report shows performance of the six largest urban areas in Kenya based on three areas, namely: service delivery, conditions for investment and governance. Performance of these urban areas is assessed using the Urban Areas Performance Index, a composite Index comprising 67 indicators (questions) that scores, on a scale of 0 (least performance) to 100 (best performance) points and ranks these urban areas. Urban areas that ensure individuals’ free choice, create favourable business conditions, use public resources efficiently and ensure transparency of their activities are ranked higher.
Also, the report provides a rich source of data and information that can be used by different audiences including policy makers, civil society, researchers, students, the media and indeed the general public to inform debate and dialogue on urban governance and planning. For example, this report provides policy makers with impetus to initiate the process of establishing urban areas structures. Similarly, it provides key messages for other groups such as the media and civil society to advocate for the same.
File Size: 974.21 KB No of Downloads: 2588.
Mon, Sep 3, 2018
Public procurement in Kenya: Analysis of the Auditor General’s Reports
The IEA’s study on public procurement and loss of public funds is part of a larger global initiative on promoting civic engagement for open contracting. “Open Contracting” is about publishing and using open, accessible and timely information on government contracting to engage citizens and businesses in identifying and fixing problems”. The underlying principle for open contracting is promoting disclosure of public contracts through all the stages of public procurement. The objectives of the study are to: Examine the public procurement and contracting process in Kenya and establish its strengths and weaknesses; analyse procurement related breaches highlighted by the Auditor General’s reports; track systemic loss of public funds through procurement and generate knowledge on high risk stages of the public procurement process for advocacy by CSOs.
File Size: 2.66 MB No of Downloads: 29084.
Fri, Mar 23, 2018
Diversity Management and Pluralism in Kenya’s Major Private Sector Firms
This study seeks to establish the status of pluralism in the private sector in Kenya by examining: efforts by players in the sector aimed at promoting pluralism; the nature of diversity management in the sector; the extent to which the sector has embraced or resisted efforts towards pluralism; and identification of trends, challenges and drivers of pluralism in the sector. The study also aims at facilitating a common understanding of pluralism among all stakeholders in the private sector. The findings provide a resource list for private sector organizations’ top leadership and
management to learn more about diversity management and pluralism, with the goal of optimizing their organization’s approach to diversity management, and the ultimate realization of pluralistic
File Size: 431.53 KB No of Downloads: 2399.
Wed, Nov 29, 2017
Youth Polytechnic Students’ Perception of Vocational Training in Nakuru County
The objective of this study is to create a foundation for quality service delivery in Technical and Vocational Education and Training in the County of Nakuru through the assessment of students’ satisfaction at polytechnics in the County. The study was designed for a thorough and detailed work to be conducted towards the development of an invaluable document not only for the target polytechnics and the County of Nakuru, but also for other polytechnics and educational institutions in Kenya. The outcome would therefore, be useful to TVET institutions in Kenya to continuously improve the quality of services rendered to students and enhance quality teaching and learning services delivered.
The periods that precede elections in Kenya have often been characterized by high intensity campaigns. As a consequence, greater focus during this period has mostly been on political communication that is unrelated to the real policy challenges that the country is faced with. Coupled with the recent history, this period causes anxiety to Kenyan citizens and economic actors who think that this pre-election period exposes Kenya’s fragility.
File Size: 189.27 KB No of Downloads: 1837.
Mon, Oct 2, 2017
Informing the approach of multilateral development banks to use of country systems
Most countries consider infrastructure development as a key enabler of development, as it spurs job creation, trade and investment. For many developing countries, multilateral development banks (MDBs) are important in addressing their infrastructure financing deficits. MDBs have historically dictated the terms of financing by prescribing rules on financial management and environmental and social safeguards, despite the presence of similar systems in the relevant countries. Increasingly, however, both MDBs and their borrowers are seeking to eliminate such extra requirements in favour of the full utilisation of countries’ own domestic systems and processes, broadly referred to as the ‘use of country systems’ (UCS). The defining benefit of greater UCS to MDBs is that it respects the sovereignty of countries by not imposing external conditionalities. UCS also promotes national ownership of development projects by increasing the involvement of domestic actors, institutions and processes, and hence increasing projects’ sustainability. At the same time, UCS can strengthen domestic systems through greater utilisation, thereby exposing deficiencies that can be corrected and eliminating the duplication of costs and efforts engendered by parallel systems. Ultimately, UCS gives developing countries a greater stake in their own development trajectory, as well as the tools to manage the process better. Yet the greater uptake of an UCS approach by MDBs and borrowers has been hampered by a number of key challenges.
File Size: 3.27 MB No of Downloads: 723.
Tue, Aug 1, 2017
Enhancing Mobilization of Own Source Revenue In Nairobi City County: Issues & Opportunities
This paper seeks to understand the challenges and opportunities of enhancing local revenue mobilization in Nairobi City County. It notes that local revenue is an important revenue source for the County given its expanding budgetary and service delivery needs. Furthermore, Nairobi County has little influence on the revenue it receives as transfers from the national government and that in cases of delays, local revenue is always a good fall back. Besides, local revenue is critical in fostering accountability and fiscal discipline in the county.
In 2011, an African Development Bank report categorised one-third of Africa’s population – about 313 million people – as “middle class”.1 The term was controversially applied to those earning between US$2 and US$20 a day. The growth of a middle class in Africa has been widely celebrated in reports by international consultancies and investment banks eager to stimulate investment – and fees. A burgeoning middle class should boost tax revenues and consumer demand. It is generally considered to be good for political accountability and democracy, and a catalyst for social development, job creation, innovation and poverty reduction.
This narrative is problematic for many reasons. Middle classes are heterogeneous: their characteristics vary country by country. Most reports celebrating Africa’s rapidly growing middle class assign membership on the basis of income. But middle class and middle income are not synonymous and should not be conflated. “Class” is a socio-economic concept typically defined by many more indicators than income alone. Indeed, in contemporary Africa it is questionable whether Marxist-Weberian definitions of “class” fashioned in the West have any relevance at all.
File Size: 3.70 MB No of Downloads: 819.
Wed, Jun 28, 2017
Policy Debate On 5 Socio- Economic Issues In Kenya: Election 2017
This document is a compilation of five socio-economic issues affecting Kenya including; Education, Employment, Housing, Health, Water and Sanitation. The document delved into the effects these issues have on women, youth and persons with disability with the aim of empowering them to effectively participate and inform policy and issue oriented discourse during and beyond the forthcoming elections.