The quest for youth participation in governance, politics, and other developmental processes is an increasing global concern. To this end, the UN General Assembly adopted the World Programme of Action for Youth to the year 2000 and beyond to advance the youth agenda in matters of governance. This framework calls for full and effective participation of the youth in the decision-making spaces within its priority areas. Similarly, in 2003, the UN General Assembly demonstrated Its commitment to youth participation through the issuance of Resolution No. 58/133 (policies and programmes involving youth), which requires upon all Member States, United Nations bodies, Specialized Agencies, Regional Commissions, and Intergovernmental and Nongovernmental Organizations concerned to make every possible effort to implement cross-sectoral policies relevant to the youth. Regionally, Article 11 of the African Youth Charter adopted by the African Union was dedicated to the participation of young people in all spheres of society.
Provision of quality and high-level education to citizens is one of the core mandates of any government around the world. In Kenya, this mandate is split between national and county governments. According to the Constitution of Kenya, 2010, the national level government is tasked with policy formulation for the education sector, in addition to taking charge of primary, secondary, and university educational centers. The county government on the other hand is tasked with functions of ‘Pre-primary education (ECDE), village polytechnics, home craft centers, and childcare facilities’ as per Article 9 of the Fourth
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Fri, Jan 15, 2021
Ethnicity and Ethnic Politics in Kenya: Policy Gaps Analysis
Kenya like most African countries is multi-ethnic and is perceived to be one of the most ethnically fragmented societies in Africa. Notably, there is no statistical evidence to confirm the exact number of ethnic groups in Kenya, as for decades the total number of ethnic groups in Kenya stood at 42 based on the census that was conducted in 1969. The 2009 Census found that there were more than 42 ethnic groups in the country. In particular, the 2009 population census listed no less than 111 ethnic groups in Kenya up from 42 in 1969, which is partly attributed to the success of the struggles by some of the historically marginalized communities, to be officially recognized by the state.
The youth as per the Kenyan Constitution 2010 are individuals who have attained the age of 18 but are
not yet 35 years old. Out of the total population which stood at 48 million according to the census of
2019, youth comprise about 28%. Amongst important issues for the youth include access to education,
security, employment opportunities, and access to quality healthcare
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Fri, Jan 15, 2021
Youth Participation in Governance and Effects of Corruption: Policy Gaps Analysis
This brief assesses and analyses policy gaps on youth participation in governance processes as well as how corruption affects participation. In particular, the brief analyses youth participation, political leadership, political parties, as well as participatory budgeting. The quest for youth participation in governance, politics, and other developmental processes is an increasing global concern. To this end, the UN General Assembly adopted the World Programme of Action for Youth to the year 2000 and beyond to advance the youth agenda in matters of governance. For the last decade, KNBS data shows that the youth between 18-34 years constitutes on average about 30% of Kenya’s population.
This fact sheet presents some key facts in response to the following three questions: Is the national government budget implemented as approved/enacted and if not what are the differences/gaps?; What are the implications of this on service delivery and accountability to citizens? and What are the causes of the national government’s inability to utilize their budgetary provisions?
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Wed, Nov 4, 2020
Fourth Quarter National Government Budget Performance 2019/20
Budget implementation by end of the fourth quarter of 2019/20 was punctuated by disruptions to economic activities from the effects of the COVID 19 pandemic which was declared a pandemic on the 13th of March 2020 by the WHO. As a result, two supplementary budgets were introduced, one in early April to cater for the response to the pandemic and another one just before end of the financial year 2019/20, making it a total of three.
This report uses the 2019/20 National Treasury Fourth Quarterly Economic and Budgetary Review Reports and Office of the Controller of Budget’s Fourth Quarter Budget Implementation Reports to assess and analyze how the national government of Kenya budgetary management is faring against its own targets. In addition, this is brief seeks to highlight key implementation challenges and gaps and propose corrective measures.
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Thu, Feb 13, 2020
Eight Facts on the Medical Equipment Leasing Project in Kenya
This fact sheet examines the status of implementation and performance as a value for money assessment of the MES project; and draws recommendations for policy engagement on corrective measures for the MES Project.
Kenya is a youthful country and indeed youth unemployment is the key labour market policy challenge. With the youth, comprising nearly 30% of the total population and about half of the total working-age population, they are the largest unemployed demographic. In fact, the unemployment rate for the youth
aged between 15-19 and 20-24 years is five times that of the national unemployment rate of 7.4% by 2015/16. This is exacerbated by more than 800,000 of them entering the job market annually. There are variations in youth unemployment, for instance by gender, with the education level a key determinant. Breakdown of the employment picture further lays bare the labour market challenge, with over 80% of all jobs created in the informal sector, where 41% of the youth are absorbed, thus vulnerable.